A greenhouse is an architectural structure in which a light steel structure is used as a keel and is covered with film or glass. After so many years of development, greenhouse basically realized mechanization upgrade. Today, the small series mainly introduced the greenhouse in the glass greenhouse. Because glass greenhouse is the modern greenhouse with the highest technical content, we mainly introduce the difference between automatic glass greenhouse and intelligent greenhouse.
Glass greenhouse is the most expensive multi-storey greenhouse in multi-span greenhouse. Glasshouses are usually covered with double insulating glass or single glazed glass and are usually topped with single tempered glass or double insulating solar panels. We need to understand the difference between automation and intelligence, starting with the electrical system that supports the greenhouse.
Multilayer glass greenhouse, generally equipped with external shading system, internal shading system, internal insulation system (optional), fan, water curtain cooling system system, roof window open side window system, the circulation fan system (depending on the length of the greenhouse) and width), automatic heating system (optional), fill light system (optional), carbon dioxide generator (optional), Automatic water tank sprinkler system (optional).
An automated greenhouse refers to all of the above systems as long as the greenhouse support system is fully automated. That is, manual switches are mainly used to control the operating system. At present, the sensor parameters are mainly temperature. The automatic greenhouse is mainly based on temperature sensing to control the start and stop of the water curtain fan system and heating system. It is not possible to coordinate the control of other systems that may affect the ambient temperature.
Intelligent greenhouse is a set of thinking logic that uses computer system to add greenhouse. At the same time, the environmental sensing parameters installed in the glass greenhouse include temperature, humidity, CARBON dioxide concentration and illumination. In the computer, the upper and lower limits of various environmental parameters can be set in advance according to the growth requirements of plants in each period, and each parameter can control one or more systems separately. Smart greenhouses are basically the same in hardware, and their main value is in the software system.
At present, most greenhouses under construction are automated greenhouses, which are actually semi-intelligent glass terraced greenhouses. Of course, there are also some smart greenhouses that have scientific research, demonstration or environmentally hazardous crop construction. At present, China’s national conditions can promote greenhouse automation has taken a big step on the road of facility agriculture. At present, greenhouse industry has many problems, suitable for solar greenhouse, spring and autumn shed automation equipment development, such as electric coiler and greenhouse automatic air release system. These devices are not expensive, but they are very practical.